Darley Flying Start 2016 Video Content

Video Production Best Practices
2016 Darley Flying Start

Content Review
As promised, what follows is a quick recap of the content we covered during our video section.
As you will hopefully recall, I believe you’re doing a great job with your montage sections and should keep up the good work.
Interviews and host sections are where there’s the most room for improvement.

SIGHTLINES
Remember that the standard in industrial videos — industrial = not for broadcast, most typically internally-produced promotional content which is exactly what you guys are producing — is that the video “host” can look directly into the camera and address the audience.
But interview subjects should be looking slightly off-camera at the person who’s asking the questions.
(whether or not those questions are heard in the video)
The only situation where an interview subject would look directly into the camera would be a “confessional”-type interview

RULE OF THIRDS
Use the “rule of thirds” principle when composing your shots. (divide your frame into 9 equal sections)
As with any rule, once you have a good understanding of it, it can periodically be broken.
But as new videographers, for now stick to the rule when framing your shots, most especially interviews and host sections.
This means you should ONLY shoot your videos with an application that has an overlay as a framing guide.
While most default Android video capture applications should allow you to shoot video with a framing guide,
that is NOT the case with iOS.
My recommendation for an iOS video capture application that has a framing guide is FiLMic Pro.
To learn more about this application, click HERE.

CAMERA MOVEMENT
While there are plenty of times a handheld camera would be great for your videos — e.g. walking through a location, following a subject who’s moving — when it comes to host and interview sections, the camera should be rock steady!
This means either connecting it to a monopod, or finding a table or some elevated platform on which to place your small tripod.

FRAME IN CLOSER
While you’re doing MUCH better job than most non-professional videographers when it comes to getting close to your subjects, as you can see in the framing examples below, still lots of room for improvement!
So when you’re shooting your interview subjects, start out a bit closer than you’d want to. And then please take that extra step TOWARDS your subject.
Trust me, when you get to editing you’ll be happy with the results!

Suggested Reframings
What follows are the 7 frame-grabs taken from DFSTV videos that we studied in class.
I’ve provided a quick list of the things to be corrected in each shot, and a short description of how the reframing improves the shot.

SHOT #1 AS SHOT
Cherry is too centered.
Cherry should maintain eye contact with interviewer, NOT with camera.
Cherry is positioned incorrectly in relation to light. Position subject so that face is as fully-lit as possible.
(but avoid forcing subject to look directly into the sun!)


SHOT #1 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
Cherry is now aligned on “rule of thirds” grid, shifted to the right third of the frame with the assumption she will have eye-contact with interviewer to the left of the frame.
Note how framing in closer allows BOTH Cherry and the background to have more prominence in the shot!





SHOT #2 AS SHOT
Mary & Conrad are standing too far apart.
Framing could be closer.


SHOT #2 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
Remember that body positions that might seem too close or uncomfortable in real life, will in fact read very nicely on camera.
When 2 hosts are on camera, consider having one stand slightly in front of the other to allow standing closer together.
When you have an interesting background as in this shot, consider placing hosts on one side of the frame or the other
Note again how framing in closer allows BOTH Mary & Conrad and the background to have more prominence in the shot!





SHOT #3 AS SHOT
Carrie is too centered.
Carrie should maintain eye contact with interviewer, NOT with camera.


SHOT #3 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
Carrie is now aligned on “rule of thirds” grid, shifted to the right third of the frame with the assumption she will have eye-contact with interviewer to the left of the frame.
Note how framing in closer allows BOTH the subject and the background to have more prominence in the shot!





SHOT #4 AS SHOT
Brittney is too centered, and too far away from camera.
Brittney should maintain eye contact with interviewer, NOT with camera.


SHOT #4 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
Brittney is now aligned on “rule of thirds” grid, shifted to the left third of the frame with the assumption shee will have eye-contact with interviewer to the right of the frame.
In this case, if you wanted a closer frame and still have more of the horse’s head in the shot, consider having Brittney stand on a box to better match her eyeline with that of the horse
Note again how framing in closer allows BOTH Brittney and the background to have more prominence in the shot!





SHOT #5 AS SHOT
Cherry & Hannah are sitting too far apart, and are too far from the camera.


SHOT #5 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
Remember that body positions that might seem too close or uncomfortable in real life, will in fact read very nicely on camera.
Goal with framing in on this shot is to hide dull/uninteresting background as much as possible and focus viewer’s attention on the hosts, Cherry & Hannah.





SHOT #6 AS SHOT
Shot is framed too low.
Shot needs to be closer.


SHOT #6 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
When challenged with an uninteresting or ugly background, you want to be as tight as you can on the subject to minimize the background.
Framing up will help remove the background.
Additionally, since the objects of interest in this shot are the head and faces of Alayna, Jackson & Lauren, cutting off Alayna’s & Lauren’s outside shoulder is not an issue.





SHOT #7 AS SHOT
Alayna is too centered.
Alayna should maintain eye contact with interviewer, NOT with camera.
Alayna is positioned incorrectly in relation to light. (note the harsh light & shadows on her face!)
Position subject so that face is as fully-lit as possible. (but avoid forcing subject to look directly into the sun!)


SHOT #7 SUGGESTED REFRAMING
Alayna is now aligned on “rule of thirds” grid, shifted to the right third of the frame with the assumption she will have eye-contact with interviewer to the left of the frame.
Note how framing in closer allows BOTH Alayna and the background to have more prominence in the shot!